Transhumanism is the philosophical stance whose goal is to increase our physical and mental abilities and lengthen our lifespan, perhaps to the point of infinity. Of course, all these goals, and especially immortality, have been passionately desired since the dawn of humanity. But now technology is venturing into territory previously reserved for myth and religion. Scientists and engineers increasingly turn toward a practical research program of directed evolution that Steve Fuller has called Humanity 2.0.
Transhumanism has captured the imagination (and funds) of Silicon Valley. The Google research project Calico is merely one of a number of well-funded efforts focused on tasks like the redefinition of aging as a disease. Google CEO Larry Page has called Calico “moonshot thinking around healthcare and biotechnology.” Ray Kurzweil has made a similar point in his 2005 book title: ours is a transitional era where the goal is to “Live Long Enough to Live Forever.” This thinking has even advanced to the point where there is now a political party built upon these goals, the Transhumanist Party.
One of us (Frodeman) is writing a book on transhumanism; another of us (Ross) is writing a dissertation on the subject.
More, Max. The Transhumanist Reader, edited by Max More and Natasha Vita-More. Wiley-Blackwell. 2013.
Ray Kurzweil, The Singularity is Near
Ray Kurzweil, The Age of Spiritual Machines
Aubrey DeGrey, Articles on SENS.org
Young, Simon. Designer Evolution: A Transhumanist Manifesto. 2005.
Fuller, Steve. Preparing for Life in Humanity 2.0, 2013.
Fuller, Steve. Humanity 2.0. Macmillan. 2011.
Fuller, Steve and Lipinska, Veronika. The Proactionary Imperative. Macmillan. 2014.
Bostrom, Nick. Superintelligence. Oxford. 2014.
Bostrom, Nick and Savulescu, Julian. Human Enhancement.
Melinda Hall, The Bioethics of Enhancement: Transhumanism, Disability, and Biopolitics. Rowman and Littlefield. 2016.
Hughes, James. Citizen Cyborg. 2004.
Buchanan, Allen. Better than Human: The Promise and Perils of Enhancing Ourselves. 2011.
Nick Agar, Liberal Eugenics, 2004.
The Immortalists, Documentary (2014) (De Grey, et al.)
Transcendent Man, Doc, (Kurzweil, et al.)
The Future of Work and Death, Doc, (Fuller, et al.)
Bill McKibben, Enough, 2003.
Francis Fukuyama, Our Posthuman Future, 2003.
Langdon Winner, Autonomous Technology, 1974.
Jacques Ellul, The Technological Society, 1954.
Bill Joy, Wired, “Why the Future Doesn’t Need Us,” 2008.
Leon Kass, The Ethics of Human Cloning. 1994.
Leon Kass, “The Wisdom of Repugnance”
Theodore Rozak, Where the Wasteland Ends. 1989.
Sandel, Michael J. The Case Against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering. 2009.
Kelly, Kevin. What Technology Wants, 2010.
Marcuse, Herbert. One-Dimensional Man, 1964.
Theodore Kaczynski, Anti-Tech Revolution, 2015.
Eating the Dinosaur, Chuck Klosterman
Overview of Transhumanism/General Technology/Posthumanism
Arbesman, Samuel. Overcomplicated. Current Books. 2016.
Wiener, Norbert. The Human Use of Human Beings. 1950.
Palfrey and Gasser. Born Digital. 2008.
Harris, John. Enhancing Evolution: The Ethical Case for Making Better People, 2007.
Gregory Hansell, Transhumanism and Its Critics. 2011.
Neil Postman, Technopoly
Neil Postman, Amusing Ourselves to Death
P.W. Singer, Wired for War, 2009.
Adam Greenfield, Radical Technologies, 2017.
Ed Finn, What Algorithms Want, 2017
Katherine Hayles, My Mother Was a Computer. 2005.
Donna Haraway, “A Cyborg Manifesto”
Benjamin Bratton. The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty. 2015.
Timothy Morton. Humankind: Solidarity with Non-human People, 2017.
Rosi Braidotti, The Posthuman
Harari, Yuval Noah. Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow. HarperCollins. 2017.
Peter-Paul Verbeek, Moralizing Technology, 2011
Hailes, N. Katherine. How We Beccame Posthuman. University of Chicago. 1999.
Allenby and Sarewitz, The Techno-Human Condition. MIT Press, 2011.
Thomas Nagel, The View from Nowhere
Desire, Drugs, Acceleration
Douglas Rushkoff, Cyberia: Life in the Trenches of Hyperspace, 1994
Kester Brewin, Getting High, 2016
Rinella, Michael A. Pharmakon: Plato, Drug Culture, and Identity in Ancient Athens, 2010.
Derrida, Jacques. “Plato’s Pharmacy,” In Dissemination, 1981.
Neel, Jasper. Plato, Derrida, and Writing, 2016.
Washington Post, “Can Marijuana Rescue Coal Country?” Retrieved 8/7/17
Opioid Nation: The Making of an Epidemic, documentary, 2017.
Warning: This Drug May Kill You, HBO documentary, 2017.
Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guatarri, Anti-Oedipus, 1972.
Nick Srnicek, Alex Williams, Inventing the Future, 2015.
Robin McKay, #Accelerate: The Accelerationist Reader, 2014.
Nick Land, Fanged Noumena: Collected Writings, 2014
Aldous Huxley, The Doors of Perception, 1954
Franco ‘Bifo’ Berardi, Futurability: The age of Impotence and the Horizon of Possibility, 2017.
Arendt, Hannah. The Human Condition. University of Chicago. 1958.
Arendt, The Origin of Totalitarianism, 1979.
Heidegger, Martin. Being and Time. 1962.
Heidegger, Martin. “The Question Concerning Technology,” In Basic Writings, 1993.
Nietzsche, Friedrich. Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Cambridge, 2006.
Deleuze, Nietzsche and Philosophy, 1962.
Keith Pearson, Viroid Life: Nietzsche and the Transhuman Condition, 2016.
Plato, The Republic, Bloom
Plato, Symposium, Bernadete
Jean Baudrillard, Simulacra and Simulation, 1994
Saskia Sassen, Explusions: Brutality and Complexity in the Global Economy, 2014.
General Relevant History/Films/Literature
Hesiod, Theogony, Oxford, 1999.
Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, or,: The Modern Prometheus
Doctorow, Cory. Walkaways. 2017.
Egan, Greg. Permutation City. 1994.
Gibson, William. Neuromancer. 1984.
Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. 1931.
Masamune, Shirow. The Ghost in the Shell.
Blade Runner, 1982.
Blade Runner 2049, 2017.
George Orwell, 1984.